The book of Intelligence and ignorance
H 2, Ch. 1, h 2
Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad, from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman, from Mufaddal ibn Salih from Sa‘d ibn Tarif from Asbagh ibn Nabatah, from Ali (a.s) who has said the following.
“Once Jibril came to Adam (a.s) and said, ‘I am ordered to offer you three choices. You may chose one and leave the other two. Adam then asked, “What are those three things?”
Gibril replied, ‘They are Intelligence, bashfulness and religion.’
Adam then said, “I chose Intelligence.” Gibril then asked bashfulness and religion to return and leave Intelligence with Adam. They said to Gibril, ‘O Gibril, we are commanded to be with Intelligence wherever it may exist. Gibril then said, “It then is up to you.” He then ascended to heavens.
H 3, Ch. 1, h 3
Ahmad ibn ‘Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar, from certain persons of our people in a Marfu’ manner, who have ascribed it to abu ‘Abdallah (a.s) who has said the following.
The narrator has said, “I asked abu ‘Abdallah, “What is Intelligence?” He replied, ‘It is a fact with whose help one worships Allah, the Merciful, and attains paradise.’ I then asked, “What was the thing with Mu’awiyah?” ‘It was shrewdness. Mischief is similar to Intelligence but it is not Intelligence.’ The Imam replied.
H 4, Ch. 1, h 4
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm who has said the following.
“I heard (Imam) al-Rida (a.s) saying, “The friend of a person is his/her Intelligence and the enemy of a person is his/her ignorance.”
H 5, Ch. 1, h 5
It is narrated from him from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Juham who has said the following.
“I said to abu al-Hassan, “We know certain people who have a great deal of love but they don not have much determination (and understanding of the cause of Imamat).” The Imam replied, “They are not of the ones that Allah has admonished. What Allah has said is that people of Intelligence and understanding must take a lesson.”
H 6, Ch. 1, h 6
Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn Hassa’n from abu Muhammad al-Razi from Sayf ibn ‘Umayra from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s) who has said the following.
“One who has Intelligence he has a religion also and one who has religion he enters Paradise.”
H 7, Ch. 1, h 7
A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from Muhammad ibn Sinan ibn abu al-Jarud from abu Ja‘far (a.s) who has said the following.
“Allah, on the Day of Judgment, will hold everyone accountable according to the degree of the intelligence that He had given them in their worldly life.”