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The General Pattern; of Islamic Thought in the Qur’an

About Walayah (3) (Hijrah)

4. Taghut’s and Satan’s walayah in a community makes the true believer dependent on taghut’s power in many different ways and encumbers him with its invisible net; his freedom is taken away and he is unconsciously let to the end which that system is doomed to. Such a system prevents the true believer from spending his power in the way of Islam.

This inevitable reality proposes the phenomenon of “hijrah”. Hijrah means escaping from taghut’s bondage and getting to the free environs of Islam, where everything guides man to the divine aim, where the natural process of the society is leading towards exaltation, mental and material evolution, where goodness prevails and no signs of malignity can be seen,. that is, the Islamic community.

Therefore, according to the principle of walayah, hijrah, is an essential and urgent obligation for the true believer. He is to transfer from the taghut’s environs to the Islamic community and step into the environs of God’s walayah.

Thinking about the verses of “hijrah” in the Qur’an reveals many points about this subject.

“They wish that you should disbelieve as they disbelieve, and then you would be.. (ensan89).

“But whoso makes a breach with the Messenger after the guidance has become clear to him and follows a way other than the believers, him We shall turn him over to what he himself has turned to and We shall roast him in Gehenna-an evil homecoming. God forgives not that aught should be with Him associated; less than that He forgives to whomsoever He wills. Whoso associates with God anything, has gone astray into far error. Instead of Him, they pray not except to female beings; they pray not except to a rebel Satan accursed by God. He said, ‘Assuredly I will take unto myself a portion appointed of Thy servants, and I will lead them astray, and fill them with fancies, and I will command them and they will cut off the cattle’s ears; I will command them and they will alter God’s creation. ‘ Whoso takes Satan to him for a friend, ins tea d of God, has surely suffered a manifest loss. He promises them and falls them with fancies but there is nothing Satan promises them except delusion. “(4:115-120)

“God is the Guardian of the believers; He equal; therefore take not to yourselves friends of them, until they emigrate in the way of God; then, if they turn their backs, take them, and kill them wherever you find them; take not to yourselves anyone of them as friend or helper (4:89)

“Those who believe, and have emigrated and struggled with their possessions and their selves in the way of God, and those who have given refuge and help-those are friends one of another. And those who believe, but have not emigrated-you have no duty of friendship towards them till they emigrate; yet if they ask you for help, in religion’s matter, it is your duty to help them, except against a people between whom and you there is a compact, and God sees the things you do. As for the unbelievers, they are friends one of another. Unless you do this there will be persecution in the land and great corruption. And those who believe, and have emigrated and struggled in the way of God and those who have given refuge and help those in truth are the believers. And theirs shall be forgiveness and generous provision.'(8:72-74)

,’And those the angels take (in death), while still they are wronging themselves the angels will ask, ‘In what circumstances were you?’ They will say, ‘We were oppressed in the earth.’ The angels will say, ‘But was not God’s earth wide, so that you might have emigrated in it?’ For such men, their refuge shall be Gehenna-and evil homecoming except the men, women, and children who, being oppressed, can devise nothing and arc not guided to a way; haply them God will yet pardon for God is All-Pardoning, All-forgiving. Whoso emigrates in the way of God will find in the earth many refuges and plenty; whoso goes forth from his house an emigrant to God and His Messenger, and then death overtakes him, his reward is then incumbent on God; surely God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate. (4:97-100)
Publisher’s Note

Imam Khamene’i, the Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, delivered several speeches in (1974.1353 AH). Later on, these speeches were summarized and published. The original title given by Ayatollah Khamene’i to the book is ” Tarh Kulli Andisha Islami Dar Qur’an ” (The General Pattern; of Islamic Thought in the Qur’an).

All the citations of the Qur’an are from “The Qur’an Translated” bv A.J.Arberrv, London. The Macmillan Company, 1955.

 

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